Fundamental concepts of trademark registration in India:

A trademark is a type of intellectual property, and is usually a combination of name, phrase, word, logo, symbol, design, image and these elements to identify whether the services or products with which the trademark appears to customers are from a unique source, and its Distinguish products or services from products of other companies. The proprietor of an enlisted trademark may initiate legal procedures for trademark encroachment to forestall unauthorized utilization of that trademark registration. Fundamental Concepts of Trademark Registration in Salem is what we are going to be discussed in this article.


The common law may be appropriate to the owner of the trademark, but the unregistered mark may be protected only within the geographical area in which it is used or in the geographical areas in which it is expected to be practically extended.

History of trademarks

The first official facial trademark law was passed in 1940. However, due to its limitations and non-use, it was replaced by the Trade and Commerce Act, 1958. In 1994, India became part of the Trips Agreement, which sets out the basic standards for intellectual property rights. . To meet these basic standards, several amendments were introduced to trademark registration law in India. The Trade and Merchandise Act, 1958 was amended by the most recent Trademark Act of 1999. The main purpose of this law was to improve trade and business practices and to develop the globalization of trade and industry. The Trademark Act, 1999 was represented by the Trademark Rules of 2002.

Meaning and definition of trademark

Mark has many meanings according to the setting wherein it is utilized.The dictionary means “sign tight or dazzled for distinction”. The mark must be used visually and legally, the trademark will be recognized as intellectual property. It makes no sense except if it is utilized in relation to certain merchandise.The life of a trademark depends on its use and continued non-use can lead to its final death.

Legal definition

The Trademark Act 1999 came into force on 15-09-2003. Article 2 (1) (2b) defines a trademark registration as “a trademark is a mark that is able to represent graphically and distinguish one person’s goods or services from others and incorporate the shape of the merchandise, their packaging and combination.

Essential features of the trademark

A trademark is a visual image in relation to any products or administrations to indicate some sort of trade association between merchandise or benefits and the individual utilizing the mark.To bring it into the scope of legal definition, a trademark registration must satisfy the following essential requirements;

It must be a mark that is a device, brand, title, label, ticket, name or name, signature, word, letter or numerical shape of the goods, packing or combination of colors or any combination thereof.

It should be able to be represented graphically.

It should be able to distinguish one person’s goods or services from others.

It must be used or instructed in relation to goods or services.

The use must be of printed or other visual representation of the icon.

In relation to the Services, there must be the use of those signs or the availability or display of the Services.

The use should be for the purpose of indicating a connection between goods or services during the trade, and to some who have the right to use the mark as an owner or as a potential user. It is not necessary that the person using the sign disclose his identity.

Fundamental concepts for trademark

Trademarks play an important role in identifying your product and services. What are the basic concepts behind trademark registration?

First, the essential function of a trademark is to identify the origin of a professional resource or products or services, such as a trademark, aptly named, indicating the source or serving as a badge of origin. The use of a trademark in this way is known as a trademark use. Some restrictive rights are attached to the enrolled mark, which may be authorized by an action for trademark encroachment, while unregistered trademark rights may be upheld following the general law of passage. It should be borne in mind that trademark rights generally arise from use or to retain exclusive rights to that mark in relation to certain products or services, assuming that there are no other trademark objections. The International Classification of Goods and Services categorizes various goods and services into different trademark categories (1 to 34 cover goods, and 35 to 45 services). The idea of this framework is to characterize and restrict the expansion of intellectual property by figuring out which merchandise or administrations are covered by the mark and to bind together classification systems worldwide.

Importance of Trademarks:

The importance and significance of the trademark in the current global business environment is:

Economic fairness

From an economic point of view, a trademark is simply a symbol that allows a buyer to identify satisfactory goods or services in the past and distinguish goods or services that have failed to satisfy. Trade marks do two important things:

They promote the production of quality products

They reduce the cost of making consumer purchases and purchasing decisions.

Trademarks play a crucial role in their free market economic system.

Quality justice

An important purpose under trademark law is to protect the quality of the mark and the owner of the trademark’s investment in the quality of the goods or services that the mark recognizes. A certain amount of image variation also helps customers choose products of high quality and reliability. It motivates manufacturers to maintain adequate quality standards.

Advertising justice

The trademark is a species of advertising, aimed at fixing the identity of the product and the name of the manufacturer in the minds of the people who see the advertising of marketing decisions. If the trademark registration owner succeeds in creating a favourable image for the trademark on the marketplace, the mark itself can be an important factor in stimulating sales. The sign’s ability to generate goodwill through advertising is also recognized under trademark law.

Types of trademarks:

Various types of trademarks are registered under the Trademarks Act, 1999:

Product icon

A product mark is a type of trademark used on a good business rather than a service. These trademarks are mainly used to identify the origin of the product and help maintain the reputation of the business. For example, Nestle, Amul, etc.

Service icon

The service mark is the same as the product mark but the service mark is used to identify the services of an entity rather than a product. This is used to identify the proprietors of other service owners. For example, trademarks for network and broadcast services support the service they provide. Applications 35-45 Applications filed under the trademark category represent a service mark. For example, Apple Pal, Google, etc.

Certification mark

This mark is a mark that indicates the product, quality, material or any other detail of the product issued by the owner. The main use of this mark is the manufacturer’s standard and value. Certification marks are commonly found on packaged food, toys and electronics. For example, ISI, ISO, etc.