IPR & trademark violation in India

If any brand’s product is veritable and unique, it partakes in a significant measure of acknowledgment according to its likely client, thusly it is important to safeguard the business worth of any product presented by such brands and the said security is furnished through Intellectual Property Rights related with the product for example Trademark registration , copyright registration and so on against the logo, name, slogan, plan of the product and so on. Trademark & IPR violation – Trademark Registration in Salem is what we are going to be discussed in this article.


Yet, numerous a period, counterfeit products which mean phony or unapproved copy of the first product is sold on the lookout. The reason behind this is to exploit the predominant worth and acknowledgment of the first, then make counterfeit products and sell them on the lookout. Counterfeit products will generally have counterfeit organization logos and brands (bringing about copyright or trademark infringement on account of merchandise), have gained notoriety for being lower quality. This act hurts Original products notoriety and benefits.

The Trademark Act, 1999 and Copyright Act, 1957 accommodates cures and activity against the Infringement of Intellectual Property Rights.

Protection under Trademark Act

Section 103 and 104 accommodates detainment for a term at the very least a half year which might stretch out as long as three years and fined at least 50,000 rupees which might reach out up to two lakh rupees in the event of bogus use of trademark and selling of products to which misleading trademark has been applied.

Section 115 (4) of the Act discusses the powers of police for the course of search and capture of any such products which calls for activity against infringement of the trademark registration. The catch in this arrangement is that the cop prior to making any such strikes and takeover needs to get an endorsement of assessment from the registrar on current realities of the case and will keep the assessment made.

The registrar, despite the fact that isn’t obliged to offer any such perspective and furthermore the information base made accessible to the Registrar of Trade Marks isn’t sufficient, as it neglects to perceive the gadget marks or images or names, which compels the Registrar from offering a full evidence viewpoint inferable from the non-accessibility of the whole data set including word marks as well as gadget marks or images or names. This arrangement numerous a period’s defers the most common way of leading a strike and in the mean-time creator of the counterfeit product keeps on selling such products and gain benefit and it could likewise pursue away selling the product.

To make a quick forward move against any infringement, the owner ought to make A crook move. The owner ought to record a criminal objection under Section 156 of the code of criminal system. Subsection 3 of Section 156 gives that in the event of refusal by the police to hold up a FIR or start horrendous act, the bothered party can record a grievance before the Magistrate, technique w.r.t. which is set down in section 190 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.

Protection under Copyright Act, 1957

Logos and plans, which are utilized as brand characters for addressing organizations, are safeguarded as trademark registration. Assuming that they are unique craftsmanship that have a component of inventiveness, they are additionally qualified for be safeguarded as copyrights too.

On the off chance that there is any infringement of the said mark, the owner can make a move Under Section 63 of Copyright Act, 1957 which contains the arrangement of discipline of a half year detainment which can be reached out as long as 3 years and furthermore fine can be forced of 50,000 rupees which can be stretched out to 3 lacs.

The fundamental benefit of making a move under Copyright registration is that Under Section 64 (1), a Police official not beneath the position of Sub-examiner has the ability to seize without warrant, encroaching duplicates of a work. The infringement of Copyright was chosen as a Cognizable offense on account of State Govt. of NCT of Delhi versus Naresh Kumar Garg 52011(46)PTC114(Del). The court, for this situation, refered to a Judgment of the Gauhati High Court in Jitendra Prasad Singh v. Territory of Assam 2003 (26) PTC 486 (Gau) where the offense under Section 63 of the Act was held to be cognizable and non-bailable. The court was of the view that it would be productive to allude to the arrangement of Section 64 of the Act, which engages a cop not underneath the position of Sub-Inspector to hold onto the encroaching duplicates of any work.

In the event of cognizable offenses, the researching official has the ability to make a capture and begin the examination without a court request as per (Section 156 (1) of Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973. The owner, whose mark is supposed to be encroached, ought to record a criminal grumbling refering to charges referenced under Section 420 of IPC alongside Section 63 of the copyright act. The arrangement of Section 420 of IPC vitally discusses cheating by the method of misleading portrayal of property to another individual.

By petitioning for copyright against Logos and Designs, comparative charges under the Copyright Act could be outlined against the wrongdoers as opposed to bringing an activity for a trademark infringement.

Common Remedies if there should arise an occurrence of Violation of Trademark

There is a lacuna in documenting a crook body of evidence against the vender of the counterfeit product, till the hour of conviction for the offense the guilty party is allowed to arrangement and exchange the counterfeit products. He might flee. Police Investigations and Charge sheet documented by Police scarcely at any point finds/uncovers the entire production network of encroaching Goods.

The conceivable step owner can take is to document a common suit all the while alongside the criminal grumbling in a specific situation where infringement of trademark registration has been finished. The upside of doing this is that the by starting a criminal grumbling, capture of counterfeit product should be possible while common suit assists with confining the offer of something very similar while the matter is forthcoming under the watchful eye of the court.

Request of Injunction from Court

To stop the maker of counterfeit product from its Sale, A common cure can be gotten by the owner where a court can give Order of Injunction in which an individual is expected to perform or controlled from performing, specific Act. This assists the owner with controlling the producer from selling counterfeit products till the matter is discarded by the able court. The common guidelines overseeing the award of a directive are contained in Sections 36 to 42 of the Indian Specific Relief Act, 1963 and Order XXXIX Rules 1 and 2 and Section 151 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.

Damage cost

Any owner whose trademark registration has been encroached by the offer of Counterfeit products, the said individual can guarantee remuneration from the inverse against the benefit made out from the offer of the counterfeit product through unapproved utilization of trademark having a place with the owner.